In one essay he argued that "hypocritical Pretenders to Religion" more injured the commonwealth than those "openly Profane. Having thus learned to resist oppression, Benjamin refused to suffer his brother's own domineering qualities and in ran away to Philadelphia.
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In , Franklin began his career as a civic leader by organizing a club of aspiring tradesmen called the Junto, which met each week for discussion and planning. They aspired to build their own businesses, insure the growth of Philadelphia, and improve the quality of its life. Franklin thus led the Junto in founding a library , a fire company , a learned society , a college later the University of Pennsylvania, , and an insurance company and a hospital The group also carried out plans for paving, cleaning, and lighting the streets and for making them safe by organizing an efficient nightwatch.
They even formed a voluntary militia. Franklin began yet another career when in he invented the Pennsylvania fireplace, later called the Franklin stove, which soon heated buildings all over Europe and North America. He also read treaties on electricity and began a series of experiments with his friends in Philadelphia. Experiments he proposed, first tried in France in , showed that lightning was in fact a form of electricity.
Later that year his famous kite experiment, in which he flew a kite with the wire attached to a key during a thunderstorm, further established that laboratory-produced static electricity was akin to a previously mysterious and terrifying natural phenomenon. When the Royal Society in London published these discoveries, and the lightning rods he soon invented appeared on buildings all over America and Europe, Franklin became world famous.
His later achievements included formulating a theory of heat absorption, measuring the Gulf Stream, designing ships, tracking storm paths, and inventing bifocal lenses. Benjamin Franklin Drawing Lightening Bolt In , Franklin was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, thus beginning nearly 40 years as a public official. He intended at first merely to enlist political support for his various civic enterprises, but partisan politics soon engulfed him. He opposed the Proprietary party that sought to preserve the power of the Penn family in Pennsylvania affairs, and as the legislative strategist and penman for the so-called Quaker party, he defended the powers of the elected representatives of the people.
Franklin thus knew the virtues of self-government a generation before the Declaration of Independence. In England from to , Franklin worked to persuade British officials to limit proprietary power in Pennsylvania.
He also immensely enjoyed English social and intellectual life. He attended meetings of the Royal Society, visited David Hume in Scotland, heard great orchestras play the works of Handel, made grand tours of the continent, and received honorary doctor's degrees from the universities of St. Andrews and Oxford At home from to , Franklin traveled throughout the colonies, reorganizing the American postal system.
Edwards was invited by the pastor of the church to preach to them. Edwards's aim was to teach his listeners about the horrors of hell, the dangers of sin, and the terrors of being lost. Edwards described the position of those who do not follow Christ's urgent call to receive forgiveness. In the final section of "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," Edwards shows his theological argument throughout scripture and biblical history.
He invokes stories and examples throughout the whole Bible.
Essay Benjamin Franklin Compared to Jonathan Edwards
Edwards ends the sermon with one final appeal: "Therefore let everyone that is out of Christ, now awake and fly from the wrath to come. Edwards was interrupted many times during the sermon by people moaning and crying out, "What shall I do to be saved? Although the sermon has received criticism, Edwards' words have endured and are still read to this day.
Edwards' sermon continues to be the leading example of a First Great Awakening sermon and is still used in religious and academic studies. About this Item: Oxford University Press, Condition: Good. Satisfaction Guaranteed! Book is in Used-Good condition. Pages and cover are clean and intact.
Used items may not include supplementary materials such as CDs or access codes. May show signs of minor shelf wear and contain limited notes and highlighting. Seller Inventory X More information about this seller Contact this seller 1. Published by Oxford About this Item: Oxford, Hardcover with dust jacket.
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Dust jacket is edge worn and scuffed; curling and bumping. Ink and pencil markings throughout. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller 2. From: G. Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good.
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Dust jacket is bright, crisp and clean. Full green cloth exterior with title in white on spine. Interior is unmarked, tight and clean. More information about this seller Contact this seller 3.
From: Kenneth A. Himber Lebanon, NJ, U. Hard Cover.